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PDO Download File Using PHP Source Code

In this tutorial we will create a PDO Download File using PHP. This code can download from the database server with PDO query. The code use a href or Hyper Text Referencing to direct the the binded id to other page in to download a file by the use of PDO SELECT query to fetch the file that will be downloaded. Then use PHP header() by adding some parameter and in order to download the file you must declare the filename of the file inside the function.

We will be using PDO as a query scripting it an acronym for PHP Data Objects. It is a lean, clean, and consistent way to access databases. This means developers can write portable code much easier.

Getting Started:

First you have to download & install XAMPP or any local server that run PHP scripts. Here's the link for XAMPP server

And, this is the link for the bootstrap that i used for the layout design

Creating Database

Open your database web server then create a database name in it db_download_pdo, after that click Import then locate the database file inside the folder of the application then click ok.

Creating the database connection

Open your any kind of text editor(notepad++, etc..). Then just copy/paste the code below then name it conn.php.

  1. <?php
  2. $conn = new PDO( 'mysql:host=localhost;dbname=db_download_pdo', 'root', '');
  3. if(!$conn){
  4. die("Fatal Error: Connection Failed!");
  5. }
  6. ?>

Creating The Interface

This is where we will create a simple form for our application. To create the forms simply copy and write it into your text editor, then save it as index.php.

  1. <!DOCTYPE html>
  2. <html lang="en">
  3. <head>
  4. <meta charset="UTF-8" name="viewport" content="width=device-width, initial-scale=1" />
  5. <link rel="stylesheet" type="text/css" href="css/bootstrap.css"/>
  6. </head>
  7. <body>
  8. <nav class="navbar navbar-default">
  9. <div class="container-fluid">
  10. <a class="navbar-brand" href="">Sourcecodester</a>
  11. </div>
  12. </nav>
  13. <div class="col-md-3"></div>
  14. <div class="col-md-6 well">
  15. <h3 class="text-primary">PDO Download File Using PHP Source Code</h3>
  16. <hr style="border-top:1px dotted #ccc;"/>
  17. <div class="col-md-4">
  18. <form method="POST" action="upload.php" enctype="multipart/form-data">
  19. <div class="form-group">
  20. <input type="file" class="form-control" name="file" required="required"/>
  21. </div>
  22. <center><button class="btn btn-primary" name="upload"><span class="glyphicon glyphicon-upload"></span> Upload</button></center>
  23. </form>
  24. </div>
  25. <div class="col-md-8">
  26. <table class="table table-bordered">
  27. <thead class="alert-info">
  28. <tr>
  29. <th>File</th>
  30. <th>Action</th>
  31. </tr>
  32. </thead>
  33. <tbody>
  34. <?php
  35. require 'conn.php';
  36. $query = $conn->prepare("SELECT * FROM `file`");
  37. $query->execute();
  38. while($fetch = $query->fetch()){
  39. ?>
  40. <tr>
  41. <td><?php echo $fetch['file']?></td>
  42. <td><a href="download.php?file_id=<?php echo $fetch['file_id']?>" class="btn btn-primary">Download</a></td>
  43. </tr>
  44. <?php
  45. }
  46. ?>
  47. </tbody>
  48. </table>
  49. </div>
  50. </div>
  51. </body>
  52. </html>

Creating the Upload Function

This code contains the upload function of the application. This code will store the data file to the database server when the button is clicked. To do this just kindly write these block of codes inside the text editor, then save it as upload.php.

  1. <?php
  2. require_once 'conn.php';
  4. if(ISSET($_POST['upload'])){
  5. $file_name = $_FILES['file']['name'];
  6. $file_temp = $_FILES['file']['tmp_name'];
  7. $file_size = $_FILES['file']['size'];
  8. $exp = explode(".", $file_name);
  9. $ext = end($exp);
  10. $name = date("Ymdhis").".".$ext;
  11. $path = "uploads/".$name;
  13. if($file_size > 5242880){
  14. echo "<script>alert('File too large')</script>";
  15. echo "<script>window.location='index.php'</script>";
  16. }else{
  17. try{
  18. if(move_uploaded_file($file_temp, $path)){
  19. $conn->setAttribute(PDO::ATTR_ERRMODE, PDO::ERRMODE_EXCEPTION);
  20. $sql = "INSERT INTO `file` (`file`, `location`) VALUES ('$name', '$path')";
  21. $conn->exec($sql);
  22. }
  24. }catch(PDOException $e){
  25. echo $e->getMessage();
  26. }
  28. $conn = null;
  30. header('location:index.php');
  31. }
  32. }
  33. ?>

Creating the Main Function

This code contains the main function of the application. This code will download the file when the button is clicked. To do this just kindly write these block of codes inside the text editor, then save it as download.php.

  1. <?php
  2. require_once 'conn.php';
  4. if(ISSET($_REQUEST['file_id'])){
  5. $file = $_REQUEST['file_id'];
  6. $query = $conn->prepare("SELECT * FROM `file` WHERE `file_id`='$file'");
  7. $query->execute();
  8. $fetch = $query->fetch();
  10. header("Content-Disposition: attachment; filename=".$fetch['file']);
  11. header("Content-Type: application/octet-stream;");
  12. readfile("uploads/".$fetch['file']);
  13. }
  14. ?>

There you have it we successfully created a PDO Download File using PHP. I hope that this simple tutorial help you to what you are looking for. For more updates and tutorials just kindly visit this site. Enjoy Coding!

Note: Due to the size or complexity of this submission, the author has submitted it as a .zip file to shorten your download time. After downloading it, you will need a program like Winzip to decompress it.

Virus note: All files are scanned once-a-day by for viruses, but new viruses come out every day, so no prevention program can catch 100% of them.


1. Re-scan downloaded files using your personal virus checker before using it.
2. NEVER, EVER run compiled files (.exe's, .ocx's, .dll's etc.)--only run source code.

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