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Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Two

CHAPTER 2: LITERATURE REVIEW

Literature Review is a text that is written by a researcher to consider the critical point of current knowledge including the theoretical and methodological contributions and substantive findings of a particular topic. Literature review’s main goal is to put the current study within the body of literature and to provide context to the reader (Cooper,
1998).

2.1.     INTRODUCTION.

The rental housing came into play due to the seriousness of housing problems. Not most people can afford building houses due to several factors such as poor income hence there was a need for the rental houses. (Komu, 2011) outlines four sources of demand for the rental housing needs:

  • Graduates: They require rental housing since they are from different levels of schooling and hence entering the labor market for the first time.
  • Transfers: For several reasons, some people may have to relocate from their previous settlements to different of urban areas. This may be due to reasons like work transfer, promotion or social reasons such as marriage.
  • Rural-Urban migration
  • Expatriate population.

There are various forms of tenancy tenure in the world which include: tenant, subtenant, thinka tenant, anticresis, Jjogbang, keymoney and sharer tenant. In Tanzania, the most common form is a monthly tenant though most of the payment required is either on semi-annual or annual basis. Also, there are several forms of ownership: cooperatives, private landlords, public landlords and Associations –NGOs   (Komu, 2013).

2.2.     THE PUBLIC RENTAL HOUSING IN TANZANIA.

Public rental housing in Tanzania is mostly confined to urban areas and accounts almost

10% of the total stock, this extends to the employer’s housing. Majority of these public rental housings are owned by the National Housing Corporation (NHC). Public rental housing has faced setbacks such as policy changes like privatization of the public sector, adoption of home ownership strategies, inherent housing sector problems and national economic problems (Komu, 2011).

Therefore, private housing has taken a large percentage of rental houses especially in rural areas. A large number of people has resorted to private rental housing as a legal means of accessing housing (Alananga Sanga, 2017). The census conducted in 2012 in Kinondoni municipality, Dar es Salaam -Tanzania shows private rental housing rights are held around 50 percent of the 446,504 families (Alananga Sanga, 2015).

2.3.     THE ROLE OF PRIVATE SECTOR HOUSING MANAGEMENT.

(Golland, 1996) defined Private sector housing management as any process which is not connected with the actions of the state neither directly constructed by the state nor financially sponsored by the state.
The three factors that are important in influencing the level of new house building are: direct capital investments by the state for public housing, state support for production and consumption and changes in profitability of house builders in the private sector (Golland, 1996).
Profit as a motivation underlying the private sectors as argued by (Hancock, 1998), private housing landlords have aimed to gain income through the rental housing system hence the increase of rental houses due to tenants’ demands which bring about the problem of managing them.

2.4.     EXISTING SYSTEM FOR RENTAL HOUSE MANAGEMENT.

Currently, most of the property managers manage their properties and the tenant details on paper and some via spreadsheet program. Once a customer finds a vacant house, he can call or email the manager of the house indicating the size of the house he would like to be rented to him.
The problem with the current system is manual detailing of various activities of the tenants and entails a lot of paperwork (Peter Gommans, Mwenda Njiru, Nguka Owange,
& Proffessional, 2014)

Therefore, the Rental House Management System tends to minimize the problem brought about by the current system of managing the houses hence helping the landlords and managers to easily manage their rental houses.

Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Abstract and Table of Contents
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter One
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Three
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Four
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Five
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Six
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Seven
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Eight
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation APPENDIX A

Download the source code of this Thesis:
Rental House Management System

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