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Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter One

CHAPTER 1: INTRODUCTION

This chapter will consist of the background of the study, the statement of the problem, research questions that will be the guide in this study, and its objectives.

1.1.     BACKGROUND OF THE STUDY.

Housing is one of the basic needs of life. It has great economic, social, cultural and personal importance to the quality of life. Right to adequate living especially adequate housing is recognized by the International Human rights law(Nations, 2014).

All over the world, a significant number of families live in rental housing especially private rental housing. For instance in Tanzania, private rental housing rights are held around 50 percent of the 446,504 families reported in the 2012 population census done in Kinondoni municipality (Alananga Sanga, 2015). Low income families have resorted to private rental housing as a legal means of accessing housing (Alananga Sanga, 2017).

In developing countries such as Tanzania, large number of households tend to be of middle or low income. Therefore, rental houses are highly demanded and are tend to be built. This is advantageous to the landlords since they increase their profits through the rents paid by the tenants.

As the number of tenants tend to increase, the management of the rental houses tend to be difficult since most of them are paper based. Some tenants can use this weakness as a chance to evade paying the rent hence loss to the landlords.

Thus, the focus of this project is to help landlords to manage rental housing they have put in market and to give access to the low-income families to easily find houses-to-let via technology rather than physically searching for rental houses or find brokers who would help them with the process of finding rental houses in which they might incur extra cost. This system will help the landlords to advertise their houses so as they can attain as much tenants as possible which become a source of income.

1.2.     STATEMENT OF THE PROBLEM.

The data tend to grow time after time since more tenants increase. Since the data is manually recorded and managed, it is hard to keep track of the data while it is paper based. Lack of a computerized and more sophisticated way for the landlords to manage the information about their houses and tenants. The current system that they have is manual recording of the information. They possess no database that could help them manage their records in a proper way. The security of data is not fully assured since they can be easily lost in the manual way of keeping their records. Upon a natural or man-made disaster, the manual records tend to get lost and no way that one can keep track of the lost information.

1.3.     GENERAL OBJECTIVE

The main objective of this study is to design and implement a system that can be accessed on portable devices such as mobile phones, that will digitalize the manual house rental management system and thus helping the landlord to manage the house and tenants’ information and the tenants to have a digital way to access the information about the house and the time to stay in the house per amount paid for accommodation.

1.4.     SPECIFIC OBJECTIVES

The following are the project objectives:

•    To analyze the manual system for managing rental houses, outline its flaws and determine the significance of the digital system by the end of August.
•     To develop more than 50% of the rental house management system which

will aim to digitalize the manual management of the rental houses for the landlords and tenants by the end of August.
•     To reach a significant number of landlords and tenants digitally offering a platform to easily manage their houses and have access to the rental houses respectively by the end of the year.

1.5.     RESEARCH QUESTIONS.

After outlining the objectives of this study, then the study will be led with the following research questions:

Question 1:

To what extent will the analysis of the manual rental house management system determine the need of creating a digital one?

Question 2:

To what extent will the digital rental house management system reach the landlords and tenants in order to provide a proper platform that will help them to manage and access rental houses respectively?

Question 3:

How will developing a digital rental house management system help the landlords and tenants in managing and accessing the rental houses respectively?

Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Abstract and Table of Contents
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Two
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Three
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Four
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Five
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Six
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Seven
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation Chapter Eight
Rental House Management System: Thesis Documentation APPENDIX A

Download the source code of this Thesis:
Rental House Management System

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